Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a behavioural condition marked by symptoms of inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. These symptoms are usually recognisable from a young age and often become more pronounced when a child starts school for example. It usually improves with age, but adults may too continue to experience difficulties associated with ADHD.
The main symptoms of ADHD can be categorised into two types of behavioural problems.
- short attention span and heightened distractibility
- making ‘careless’ mistakes
- forgetfulness and losing things
- difficulty in sticking to tasks
- difficulty listening to and carrying out complex instructions
- difficulty organising tasks
2. Hyperactivity & Impulsiveness
- difficulty sitting still, particularly in quiet surroundings
- continuous fidgeting and excessive physical movement
- difficulty concentrating on tasks
- difficulty taking turns in tasks and conversations
- acting without thinking
- little or no sense of danger
It is entirely normal for many children to experience phases of restlessness and inattentiveness. When these symptoms begin to interfere with day-to-day life however, such as encountering difficulties at school, it may be worth seeking support or advice from your GP. It is not a condition that can be ‘cured’, however with the right support, can be well managed.
ADHD has been linked to:
- Sleep Disorders
- Anxiety Disorders
- Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
- Behaviours that Challenge (BtC)
- Tourette’s Syndrome (involuntary noise and movement tics)
- Learning Difficulties such as Dyslexia
ADHD can be challenging to manage for both the individual affected and those around them, but it is important to remember that it is not the individual’s fault. With the right support, they can be supported to manage the difficulties that arise out of ADHD, and those around them can be supported to better understand and support them.
Treatment for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Diagnosis is key when it comes to ADHD, and so a specialist assessment will first be conducted. If confirmed, the evidence shows that the symptoms of ADHD can be most effectively managed by a combination of medication and therapy including Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT). For children in particular with ADHD whose behaviour poses a challenge to other members within their homes or school environment, Positive Behaviour Support (PBS) may alternatively be recommended.
We’re here to help. If you would like to know more about accessing support for ADHD at the Fitzrovia Psychology Clinic, please contact us to arrange an assessment.